At 37° 28' north longitude and 126° 37' east latitude, Incheon is situated along the same latitude as San Francisco, Washington DC, Madrid and Teheran. Serving as the Korean peninsula's access to the sky as well as a hub for North-East Asia, Incheon is an international city bustling at all times of day with traffic from and to the rest of the world.
Incheon, long renowned for its scenic shore and fabulous natural setting, is also a town rich in historic vestiges from the late nineteenth century. At this important turning point in Korea's history, when the country first opened to the outside world, Incheon and especially Jung-gu served as the portal to the West. Following the recent inauguration of Incheon International Airport, Incheon has been undergoing momentous changes such as the designation of the Wolmi Special Tourist Zone and the Free Economic Zone, and the creation of the International Marine Tourism Complex. Once again spearheading the future of Korea's relationship to the world community at this new juncture, it is now fast rising as one of the most dynamic players in the areas of tourism, transportation, commerce and logistics for the global village.
Wolmi Special Tourist Zone
Incheon is proud to assume a new role as a center of international trade and friendship, and thrilled to serve as a strategic hub for global exchanges. A guardian of Korea's prestigious past tradition and cultural assets, Incheon shall open wide its doors to the world's tourists and join its people's hearts with all those united by the love of human history's treasures.
The history of Incheon starts with Michuhol. Michuhol was the name given by a certain Biryu in 18 BC, to the city he chose for the capital of his new kingdom, present-day Incheon. Later known as "Maesohol" and "Soseong" successively, during the Goryeo Dynasty, the city was also referred to as "Gyeongwongun", "Inju" and "Gyeongwonbu", which were honorific appellations earned due to its being the hometown of queens. While in 1392, the founding year of the Joseon Dynasty, its name was changed to Inju, in 1413, it became "Incheon-gun" during a local administrative district reform. The name "Incheon" thus makes its first appearance in the early 15-th century.
Jemulpo, present day's Jung-gu District, was long a quiet little fishing village with a handful of fishing boats afloat at its pier. Starting in May 1882, date of the conclusion of the Korea-US Trade and Amity Treaty, its fortunes changed dramatically. Jemulpo inadvertently became a key military location coveted by world powers, and a center stage of diplomacy and political maneuvers.
Although a forcible opening, the beginning of exchanges between Joseon and the outside world immediately triggered a formidable inflow of people and goods to Jemulpo, and made the port into a pioneer town leading Korea's modernization process. Paradoxically, Jemulpo's boom coincided with the equally rapid decline of Incheon-eup (present day's Gwangyo-dong), the original center of Incheon near Mt. Munhak.
In 1949, following the implementation of Korea's local self-governance system, Incheon-bu became promoted to a city, while Jemulpo, pursuant to a 1956 ordinance, entered the jurisdiction of Jung-bu Administrative Agency, the antecedent of Jung-gu District.
Jung-bu continuing in its role as the economic and cultural center of Incheon, Jung-gu District was at last created in 1968, and the area, aided by this new administrative status, soon became a fully-fledged downtown center of Incheon. With Wolmido Island placed under its jurisdiction in 1973, and Yeongjong-myeon and Yongyu-myeon in 1988. Jung-gu comes to dispose of its present-day size.
With the dawn of the 21st century, Jung-gu is taking another vigorous turn in its historic itinerary. On March 29, 2001, a new air route was opened over the West Sea, a sea having historically nurtured so many civilizations as to be nicknamed East Asia's Mediterranean Sea. Incheon International Airport, built on a reclaimed land between Yeongjongdo and Yongyudo Islands, is not only an all-weather seashore airport, open 24 hours for takeoffs and landings, but also an ultramodern, cutting-edge hub airport handling flights of large future-style supersonic aircraft.
Another line of development of Incheon is tourism. The designation of the Wolmi Special Tourist District, which followed shortly thereafter on June 26, 2001, gave existence to Incheon's first special tourist district and the 21-st of its kind in the nation, and equipped Jung-gu with the means to exploit the tremendous potential provided by the new airport. Combining cultural assets with information technology, Jung-gu now faces a boundless horizon of possibilities open before it, as a center of exchange for activities including tourism, transportation, information, logistics, commerce, shopping and leisure.
Streets of Incheon
Relative topics :
History of Wolmido, History of China Town, History of Incheon Port, History Sights, History of Jayu Park.
Not only an international gateway to sky routes, Incheon is also a world-class maritime transit point. Incheon International Port, Korea's second largest, is crowded with container ships loaded with export and import goods, bound for and arriving from all parts of the world. Since its opening in 1883, the Incheon Harbor has played the role of western culture receiver. The port is a garrison base of the international trading for the countries in America, South East Asian Regions and Europe. Since October in 2000, International Passengers' Terminal has been completed, the terminal is always crowded with many passengers who go to China or come to Incheon.
This pulsing economic center also boasts maritime scenery of rare beauty stretching along a ria-style coastline. Of the 151 islands off its coast, 112 are uninhabited. Strewn over a sea crisscrossed by big and smail ships departing from and arriving to the port, they capture the imagination of the viewer - especially at sunset - and embody the temptation of wilderness and the unknown. International ferries connecting eight Chinese cities and car ferries bound for numerous west coast islands depart from Yeonan Pier everyday.
Port of Incheon
As an important base of international goods transportation, Incheon is located in the center of China economic bloc, Northeast Asia and west coast ring economic bloc, so that it has a advantageous point of nearest location for collecting and delivering of cargos of industrial goods from China coast ports and North east three important cities.
Transportation system of Incheon includes not only Incheon International Airport and Incheon International Port. It has a large transportation network of Han River water transportation, Kyongin railroad, Kyongin Expressway and Incheon Subway. Also with a connected system of land, sea, and air transportation, Seohaean Expressway and Yeongdong Expressway, 2nd and 3rd Kyongin Expressways, Seoul outer circular highways, Sooin railroads are consisted around the city and provides speedy and easy access to anywhere in the metropolitan area.
Incheon city, as one of the largest industrial art of the metropolitan area cities, and also as the core of west coast area, it has most advantageous geographical conditions to trade with China. Incheon city has 4,810 plants with 222,089 of employees in the Korea Export industrial complex (4, 5, 6th complex), Southeast complex, and 4 ones of Incheon local complex. Because of most of plants are located in the city, it is very easy to look for employees, and the condition of the transportation is also good with the harbour, (4.5km from the complex), airport (20km distant from the complex) and with the highway (4km from west coast highway).
Wharf No.7 and No.8 of Incheon Port
Except for its three highest peaks, Mt. Mani (469m), Mt. Gyeyang (395m), and Mt. Samgak (343m), Incheon's mountains stand at heights of 300m and less. Occupying 0.8% of the total national territory (South Korea).
Incheon consists of 8 gu (districts), 2 gun (counties) and 136 eup, myeon and dong.
ALL FOR TOURISM, SIGHTSEEING AND LEISURE
Incheon is a unique city, an eclectic whole made up of different districts and sections with distinct personalities. Think of Songdo New Information City, where vestiges of time immemorial naturally cohabitate with modernity, and the prehistoric dolmens merged with cutting-edge business resources, which have earned it the designation of a Special Economic Zone. Or visit Korea's only China Town. If you stroll in the Chinese quarter at Bukseong-dong, so picturesque and exotic, you feel you might run into uncle Wang from the olden song at any moment. At the heart of Incheon, yet in China Town you are in a faraway country.
If you will to see what's in vogue, go to Sinpo-dong. This is the place where you can have a totally new look. Sinpo-dong is constantly changing to surprise us with what's hot and new. Do you want more shopping? There is Sinpo Market - a tipical traditional market. The market is not very neat or sophisticated, but it has everything from food to clothing. Would you go deeper? Find your way in the Underground Shopping Mall (Down Town) stretching from DongIncheon Station to Sinpo-dong. Shop until you drop at Gwangyo-dong along its streets stores and discount stores, the Yankee Market, the Traditional Craft Mall, the Wedding Street and the Used Book Street.
Check out Incheon International Airport and International Port to experience the flurry of airplanes and ships bound for and arriving from all parts of the globe. Challenge seagulls for a race along the coastline, and visit Wolmido Island, Yeonan Pier, Songdo, and Aamdo Island, and Sorae Port. Or enjoy the islands sprinkled over the sea, stroked by gentle waves at all times of the day.
MEETING WITH SPECIAL TEST AT ANY STREET
Sinpo Market offers various kinds of ginseng
The list of gastronomic offerings across Incheon's districts is literally endless. Checkout Yonghyeon-dong Monk Fish Street, Dowon-dong Glutinous Rice Sausage Alley, Bupyeong Seafood Soup Street, Guwol-dong Baendaengi (big eyed herring) Alley, Bukseong-dong Original Jajangmyeon Street, Hwapyeong-dong Cold Buckwheat Noodle Alley, Hagik-dong Skate Fish Pass, Ganghwa Deorimi Eel Street, Yong-dong Kalguksu (handmade noodle) Alley and Soam Blue Crab Village. With such abundant choices, getting to taste it all is a challenge not within everyone's reach.
The town has something for everyone and all tastes, and the more you dig, the more things you find to do. It may in fact require planning as meticulous as for a world tour, if one genuinely wants to make a complete tour of its attractions.
SYMBOLS OF INCHEON'S JUNG-GU
There are additional useful information which help you when you are in Incheon.
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